Eczema is the most common skin problem treated by pediatric dermatologists. About 65% of patients develop symptoms before age one, and about 90% of them develop symptoms before age five. Many babies outgrow eczema by age 4. Some children outgrow eczema by the time they are young adults, although their skin remains dry and sensitive. A few may have it all their lives, but there are ways to relieve the symptoms.
Eczema often runs in families with a history of eczema or other allergic conditions such as hay fever and asthma. It is not contagious.
because eczema is a chronic skin problem, these symptoms can come and go. With these symptoms we also included some eczema tips as well. There are times when the symptoms are worse (called exacerbations or flares) followed by times when the skin gets better or clears up completely (called remissions). The symptoms of eczema are different with each child. Common symptoms include dry, red, itchy skin and rashes. These rashes can be oozing or very dry.
Children of color sometimes show a follicular pattern of disease that can lead to a rough-appearing surface of the skin. Additionally, the chronic inflammation caused by the dermatitis can result in post-inflammatory hypo- or hyperpigmentation (white or darkened patches of skin), which can last for many months.
One of the most helpful things you can do is to prevent flare-ups before they happen.
Your child’s doctor may recommend medicines to help your child feel better and to keep the symptoms of eczema under control. The type of medicine recommended will depend on how severe the eczema is and where it appears on the body.
Wet Wrap Therapy: Soak cotton wrap in lukewarm water, wring excess water. Bathe child and then pat skin dry with soft cotton towel. Apply daily topical steroid or other Rx cream immediately. Then place damp wrap over these areas to seal in moisture. You may apply dry layer/clothing on top. Leave wet wrap in place 2 hrs to overnight if needed.
Bleach Bath Therapy: Add ¼ cup household bleach to bathtub (40 gallons) of lukewarm water. Soak child in tub (neck down) for 10 minutes. Rinse if skin does not tolerate it well. Gently pat dry and immediately apply moisturizer. DO NOT do more than 3 times a week, as it will over dry skin. DO NOT do if skin is dry or cracked, as it will be painful.
Try to break the “itch-scratch” cycle by tapping or blowing on the itch area; using a cold pack; or wearing cotton gloves at night.
Stronger creams and ointments are safe if used correctly. Follow your Provider’s Eczema Action plan instructions.
a flare is a worsening of the eczema. Skin may become red, sore, itchy and crack/bleed.
If skin suddenly worsens, weeps, crusts – it could be infected. Apply topical antibiotic cream to these areas and see your provider if symptoms do not improve over the next 3-5 days.
While it is more common for children with eczema to have food allergy, it is not usually the cause of eczema.
Drink plenty of water throughout the day to ensure that skin stays hydrated.
Stay tuned for information like this and more from Vickery Pediatrics located in Cumming Georgia. We take pride in providing information that helps parents know and understand common ailments with their children. If you are looking for the best pediatrician around Johns Creek, Cumming, or Alpharetta look no further. Call us today or contact us via our form to set up an appointment.